Hard Labor - Caught In The Act

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Even if the roads just look wet they could still be slick. More than 5, fatalities occur on the roadways each year due to weather conditions. Make sure your vehicle is completely clear of ice or snow before starting the trip. Flying snow from cars causes accidents. Let someone know where you are going and what route you will take. If something happens, this person will know where to start a search.

Don't leave the house without the following a fully charged mobile phone, car charger and an emergency supplies kit in your car.

If you are driving and begin to skid, remain calm, ease your foot off the gas and turn your wheels in the direction you want the front of the car to go. If you have an anti-lock braking system ABS , apply steady pressure to the brake pedal. Never pump the brakes on an ABS equipped vehicle. If you are having trouble seeing due to weather conditions, pull over to the side of the road and stop your car until visibility improves.

If your car gets stuck during a storm: Stay in the vehicle! If you leave your vehicle, you will become disoriented quickly in wind-driven snow and cold. Run the motor about 10 minutes each hour for heat. Or, if you are already a subscriber Sign in. Close drawer menu Financial Times International Edition. Search the FT Search. World Show more World. US Show more US. Companies Show more Companies. Markets Show more Markets. Despite having to face many challenges related to their perilous working conditions, many participants were determined to continue because of their desire and the pressure to support their immediate and extended families.

Like, you know, our family depends on us back home so of course financially we could send money … of course at the end … we need to meet both ends. At the end of the month or payday our … most of our pay we send back home. The pressure to send money back home was especially intense for migrant caregivers whose loved ones were ill but they could not be by their side to provide care.

Like in my case, my sister got a surgery and my mom was in ICU many times… so the only thing I can help is to send money, but your heart is just like … your [heart] got broken every time you get news. Where can you get this loan?

Penal labour

After I finish my contract what is the next step? I have to save some money for my school. If it comes then I can go for my schooling.

Indeed, one participant shared that her endurance of the harsh working-living conditions did lead to her goal of reuniting with her family. So after my five years my daughter came and I was a live-out. When participants were asked to describe their current health, the theme of declining health since their arrival to Canada emerged. Many expressed worries about their general health problems; they noticed their bodies were reacting negatively to the ongoing stress they faced every day.

Some participants suggested that the demanding and stressful working-living conditions had taken a toll on their health. They talked about the long hours that they worked every day. You manage the whole house for the whole day.

U.S. Department of Labor

Another participant reflected on her health while working as a caregiver in Hong Kong and before she came to Canada:. I worked in Hong Kong 15 years and thank God I was okay. In addition to the physical demands of their job, many participants described the emotional and mental health stress they experienced because of their precarious employment.

They also talked about their experiences of stress, loss, and grief related to their separation from their families and loved ones. In addition to grieving the loss of their families and loved ones back home, some participants also lamented about the loss of a sense of closeness with their families after long periods of separation. I remember when my grandfather died in Poland I was so depressed, I cried. Participant from Focus group 1. When asked about what types of social supports they had, most participants shared that they mainly relied on friends and family.

They also expressed a mistrust of strangers.

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However, although most of them identified family as their key social support, many also struggled about seeking support from their families. As described earlier, some of them expressed a sense of shame and reluctance to disclose the desolation, hardship and downward social mobility they faced in Canada.

They wanted to protect their families against the pain and anguish that their stories might bring. So Saturday night, oh I feel bad because my employer yelled at me… and the kids hit me so… Participant from Focus group 3. As a result, many participants convinced their families and loved ones that their life in Canada was fine. They tried to cope with their stress and suffering on their own and this internalizing of suffering led to depressive symptoms such as crying every night. Most participants identified friends as an important source of support. Getting advice from friends was particularly important to caregivers who were new to Canada and were not aware of community resources.

These two ladies, they are my family.

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Many found comfort in discussing their issues with friends who shared similar experiences and understood their challenges. While they sought advice from their friends, they also recognized that their friends might be in similar situations, i. I only go to church every Sunday. However, opportunities of going to church were not always guaranteed as some participants were requested by their employers to work over the weekend. Only two participants in this study identified their former employers as a source of social support. In one case, it was a reciprocal relationship in which the participant was providing emotional support and advice to the former employer who were faced with challenges of parenting two children living with autism.

Several indicated that their mental health was at jeopardy due to their living and working conditions. However, they also stressed that they had to learn to control and avoid showing their emotions in order to come across as a competent caregiver. I cannot show like I have bad day.

Like I learn how to control myself. I will control my emotions. Some felt that showing any sign of depression or sickness might cause them to lose their jobs. They do not want to hear your problems. Their problem is very important. Their answers and views of mental illness reflected their socialized beliefs. In other words, although most of participants expressed feeling depressed, anxious and stressed since their arrival to Canada they felt they were strong enough to control and overcome those emotions.

Perhaps it was the desire for a bright future for their children and families that kept them resilient. Many shared with each other strategies that had helped them endure their harsh realities -- turning to a higher power by going to church to pray; reducing stress by taking walks, listening to music, and singing; maintaining connections by talking to family or friends via Skype or phone; and releasing frustration by screaming and pulling out grass from the backyard when they were alone.

Slavery in the 21st century

With respect to using health services in Canada, participants indicated that they had seen family doctors, gone to walk-in clinics or to hospitals for a variety of ailments that they partly attributed to their working conditions. They also identified several challenges that they had encountered when seeking health care; a common challenge was the mandatory 3 months waiting time for new immigrants to access health care.

click The focus group discussion also revealed that many participants neither used existing mental health services nor knew what services were available to them. In addition, their attitudes towards using mental health services were also influenced by their cultural beliefs and values. Furthermore, trust and faith played a strong role in how the participants deal with mental health problems.

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They were more inclined to either talk to friends or family, particularly someone who they trusted or who had experienced a similar ordeal, in addition to praying to God. So we better share our stories to someone we trust. I said I am really stressed out. And I do not know how to get over it and I said I need someone to talk to. The study found that while these workers encountered challenges similar to other TFW groups such as migrant farm workers and other immigrant groups, they also experienced many unique challenges based on the contexts of their gender and the type of work they did.

These unique challenges affected their mental health and majority complained of being depressed, anxious, and felt isolated. Psychologists and sociologists have proposed that the home is not merely a space of shelter or residence. For many participants in this study, their living space was a bed to sleep in after they finished a long day of work. They did not have the power or autonomy to set boundaries with their employers to secure privacy and free time from the children or additional unpaid work.

These results corroborate those from other studies of TFWs [ 8 — 11 , 35 ]. Participants also expressed concerns about a decline in their general health since coming to Canada.

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